Humans escaped from an extinction-threatening ice age by seeking refuge in a small strip of land which has been dubbed the ‘Garden of Eden’. It wasn’t Cupertino, where Apple is based.
It is thought that not long after homo sapiens evolved in southern Africa a swift drop in global temperature almost wiped out the entire species. Scientists believe that a small area of the South African coast was all that offered a glimmer of hope of survival to humans, as the rest of the continent began to succumb to freezing temperatures 195,000 years ago.
The claims come after scientists found evidence of humans living in caves at Pinnacle Point – to the east of Cape Town – 30,000 years after the ice had taken grip of the surrounding region. The caves acted as a safe haven and provided access to resources such as the nearby nutrient-rich sea and fertile vegetation close by.
According to Professor Curtis Marean of the Institute of Human Origins at Arizona State University, the unique setting of the caves allowed the species to survive until conditions improved.
“Recent findings suggest the small population that gave rise to all humans alive today survived by exploiting a unique combination of resources along the southern cost of Africa,” claimed Marean.
With humans currently facing total destruction once again at the hands global warming, most scientists now believe that the last remnants of our own civilization will almost certainly later be found at a Wetherspoons pub in Barnet, thanks mainly to its air conditioned back room and well stocked snack bar.
Marean believes that the caves formed the base from which humans later went on to spread over the planet, and has previously argued that the caves saw the first use of fire by humans to make tools.
“The command of fire, documented by our study of heat treatment, provides us with a potential explanation for the rapid migration of these Africans across glacial Eurasia.
They were masters of fire and heat and stone, a crucial advantage as these tropical people penetrated the cold lands of the Neanderthal.”