The latest attempt happened in Bangladesh where conservatives wielding machetes hunted down and killed a liberal blogger. Coppers say that it is the latest in series of murders of secular activists by Islamist militants.
Postgraduate law student Nazimuddin Samad, 28, was attacked as he was returning from a class at his university in the capital, Dhaka, late on Wednesday.
Last year, suspected militants killed five secular writers and a publisher, including a Bangladeshi-American activist. A banned Islamist militant group, Ansarullah Bangla Team, claimed responsibility for some of the attacks.
Police officer Tapan Chandra Shaha said three or four men attacked Samad with machetes and then shot him after he fell to the ground.
People heard the attackers shouting “Allahu akbar” (God is Greatest) because God likes it when you gang up on people and kill them for going onto the internet to say that killing people is unjust.
Imran H Sarker, convener of the BOAN online activist group said Samad was a loud voice against all injustice and also a great supporter of secularism.
However the government has huge difficulties in arresting the militants. While Islamic State was claiming responsibility for some attacks, the Bangladesh government denied there was any IS operating in the country.
Hundreds of students from the Jagannath University where Samad studied protested against his murder and demanded the prompt arrest of the killers. They blocked roads in and around the university and told reporters that if those behind the earlier murders of bloggers had been punished then Samad would not have been attacked.