Typically laws drafted by politicians to deal with computer crime are based on a complete lack of knowledge about how the Internet works, but the “Fayad Law” has been hailed as one of the worst in Internet history.
Senator Omar Fayad claimed he wrote the law in conjunction with the Federal Police but is so badly worded that it could effectively lock up any internet user in the country.
For example you could be jailed for 15 years if you “disturb the functioning of a computer system” which could easily be interpreted as installing any program on the computer, or simply upgrade your operating system.
Modifying a computer, is punishable by law, as well as destroying or disabling it.
Article 16 can lock you up for eight years if your computer “exceeds the authorisation conferred upon it”.
So if you do not comply with the terms of a web service or software product and install a new one on your computer (or modify), or don’t use your real name and age anywhere you could be in trouble.
Of course being a politician, Fayad could not resist slipping in a few laws that prevent people using their computers to have a go at him and his chums in the Mexican Senate.
Basically you can be convicted of “Computer Terrorism” if you disseminate information via the internet (social networks) “with the aim of destabilising the public peace” and you are not allowed to “harass or intimidate anyone on the Internet.” The way it is worded means that if you make a political joke against a Mexican politician, you can be banged up for two years as a terrorist.
The police are allowed to shut down any site they claim “undermine public safety” that is criticise Fayad and his chums and penalise anyone posting an image or message to disseminate, publish, copy or display images that may “impair a person”.
Fortunately, the Fayad Law is unlikely to be approved but sits on the books as another reason why politicians should not be allowed to make internet laws.